Ocular Health Information
MYOPIA, or nearsightedness is when a person can see clearly at near, but objects in the distance are blurry. It is a refractive condition where light entering the eye focuses in front of the retina.
HYPEROPIA, or farsightedness is when a person can see objects in the distance clearly, yet the vision at near may be blurry. It is a refractive condition where light entering the eye focuses behind the eye.
PRESBYOPIA, is a vision condition that is part of the natural aging process of the eye. As one ages, the ability to see clearly up close declines. This is in part due to changes within the lens of the eye as well as the muscles that help in focusing the eye.
All of the above conditions can be corrected by prescriptive glasses and contact lenses.
Cataract is the clouding of the natural lens within the eye. This is a normal aging process that happens in almost everyone over the age of 50. Cataracts can interfere with the ability of light to focus on the back of the eye. As a result, images appeared blurred, colors are less vivid and night driving becomes more problematic. Cataracts can be removed and a replacement lens can be inserted to restore vision.
Glaucoma is a general term for various eye conditions that lead to increased pressures in the eye resulting in damage to the optic nerve resulting in peripheral vision loss. In general, glaucoma has no symptoms and is second leading cause of blindness in all Americans. While glaucoma can not be prevented, routine dilated eye examinations are the only ways to detect and treat to prevent the loss of sight.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that affects people in their later years of life. There are two forms of AMD. Dry AMD is the early stages of macular change that produces minimal visual effects. Dry AMD can then progress to Wet AMD where there is more deterioration to the macular region of the eye resolution in loss of central vision. A regular dilated eye examination is important in diagnosing and properly managing age-related Macular Degeneration.
Dry Eye Syndrome is the most common eye disease, affecting over 6% of the population. This is a condition in which there is decreased tear production or increased tear evaporation. Typical symptoms include burning, itching, watery eyes. Although dry eye cannot be cured, the usage of certain eye drops may help in the management of symptoms and comfort the patient.